FAQ Male Fertility

Frequently asked questions about male fertility

We have compiled a list of the most common questions we are asked about male fertility. We hope that you find this helpful. If you have a question that is not answered here, then get in touch and we will be happy to answer it. Contact form is at the bottom of this page.

What is the normal sperm count for a healthy man?

Your sperm count is considered normal if it is above 15 million per ml. Below this level is regarded as low or suboptimal.

How common is male infertility?

Low sperm counts are increasing in the west, according to recent studies. A recent large study suggests that sperm counts have dropped by nearly 60% since the 1970s. This is not good news for men’s fertility.

How do you find out what your sperm count is?

You can either have your sperm count checked by your GP or by a fertility clinic. They will only usually check it if you have been trying to conceive for over 12 months without success.

Can i check my sperm count at home

Alternatively, you can buy a home male fertility test kit and test your sperm count at home.

What can I do to increase my sperm count and improve my fertility?

If your sperm count or motility is low then the following lifestyle changes may help improve them:

  • Give up smoking
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Eat a healthy diet with lots of fruit and veg
  • Avoid over warming of the genital area ie keep laptop off lap, do not carry a mobile phone in pocket, wear loose boxers, avoid skinny or tight jeans. Overheating damages sperm and can reduce sperm count.
  • Avoid hot baths, saunas, and hot tubs. The heat can reduce sperm count. Sperm are very heat sensitive.
  • Health issues-do you have a varicocele ( varicose vein on testicle ) as this can overheat the testicles. See GP or family doctor if you do.
  • Consider taking a vitamin supplement that is designed specifically for men or one that is designed for male fertility.
  • Exercise sensibly & moderately, but don’t overdo it. Overtraining can reduce sperm count.
  • Avoid intense cycling as this can reduce sperm count
  • If you are underweight then gaining weight to a healthy level may help
  • Eat red fruit and vegetables- a recent study has shown that Lycopene can which is present in red fruits such as strawberries and cherries, and red vegetables such as tomatoes and red peppers can increase sperm count.
  • Watch your coffee intake. Some coffee may be good for sperm motility, but too much coffee can damage sperm.
  • Watch your stress levels-stress may be a factor accounting for falling sperm counts in the west
  • Environmental factors-do you work with any chemicals that could be causing a problem? 

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